oxytocin and love
Love is the feeling and experience that ties us together. When we experience too much stress and anxiety in our lives, it breaks down vital relationships and leaves us feeling lonely and isolated. Adults who are under constant stress and anxiety experience more bouts of depression, dissatisfaction in life and increased health challenges.
What is Oxytocin?
Oxytocin, a peptide that functions as both a hormone and neurotransmitter, has broad influences on social and emotional processing throughout the brain and body. Oxytocin is a peptide of nine amino acids that is produced in the hypothalamus and released into both the brain and bloodstream. Functioning as both a neurotransmitter and hormone, oxytocin’s role throughout the body is widespread. Included is the hypothalamus, amygdala, hippocampus, brainstem, heart, uterus and regions of the spinal cord which regulates the autonomic nervous system, especially the parasympathetic branch (Neumann 2008). Oxytocin’s role in reproductive functions is well known. Its contribution to pair-bond formation has been systematically studied (Gimpl and Fahrenholz 2001).
How Does it Work?
In our stressful and stressed-out society, it’s not surprising that science has focused most of its research on the stress response. But there’s another response that’s just as important. Kerstin Uvnas-Moberg, the Swedish researcher who first identified it, calls it the “calm and connection system.” In her 2003 book, The Oxytocin Factor, she describes how oxytocin calms the body while it helps us connect with other people.